1st King (Israel) JEROBOAM

1st King (Israel) JEROBOAM

Male 1005 BC - 954 BC

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  • Name JEROBOAM  
    Prefix 1st King (Israel) 
    Born 1005 BC 
    Gender Male 
    _UID B682A6CB9CE61747A1293D257F610BBC5C37 
    Died 954 BC 
    Notes 
    • Personal name meaning, the people will contend. The son of Nebat (1 Kin 11:26-39), an Ephrathite, the first king of the ten tribes, over whom he reigned twenty-two years (976-954 B.C.). He was the son of a widow of Zereda, and while still young was promoted by Solomon to be chief superintendent of the burden, i.e., of the bands of forced laborers. Influenced by the words of the prophet Ahijah, he began to form conspiracies with the view of becoming king of the ten tribes; but these having been discovered, he fled to Egypt (1 Kin 11:29-40), where he remained for a length of time under the protection of Shishak I. On the death of Solomon, the ten tribes, having revolted, sent to invite him to become their king. The conduct of Rehoboam favored the designs of Jeroboam, and he was accordingly proclaimed king of Israel (1 Kin 12:1-20). He rebuilt and fortified Shechem as the capital of his kingdom. He at once adopted means to perpetuate the division thus made between the two parts of the kingdom, and erected at Dan and Bethel, the two extremities of his kingdom, golden calves, which he set up as symbols of Jehovah, enjoining the people not any more to go up to worship at Jerusalem, but to bring their offerings to the shrines he had erected. Thus he became distinguished as the man who made Israel to sin. This policy was followed by all the succeeding kings of Israel.

      While he was engaged in offering incense at Bethel, a prophet from Judah appeared before him with a warning message from the Lord. Attempting to arrest the prophet for his bold words of defiance, his hand was dried up, and the altar before which he stood was rent asunder. At his urgent entreaty his hand was restored him again (1 Kin 13:1-6, 9; 2 Kin 23:15); but the miracle made no abiding impression on him. His reign was one of constant war with the house of Judah. He died soon after his son Abijah (1 Kin 14:1-18).

      jeroboam (70)

      1 Kin 11:26, 1 Kin 11:28-29 (2), 1 Kin 11:31, 1 Kin 11:40 (2), 1 Kin 12:2-3 (3), 1 Kin 12:12, 1 Kin 12:15, 1 Kin 12:20, 1 Kin 12:25-26 (2), 1 Kin 12:32, 1 Kin 13:1, 1 Kin 13:4, 1 Kin 13:33-34 (2), 1 Kin 15:1, 1 Kin 15:6-7 (2), 1 Kin 15:9, 1 Kin 15:25, 1 Kin 15:29-30 (3), 1 Kin 15:34, 1 Kin 16:2-3 (2), 1 Kin 16:7, 1 Kin 16:19, 1 Kin 16:26, 1 Kin 16:31, 1 Kin 21:22, 1 Kin 22:52, 2 Kin 3:3, 2 Kin 9:9, 2 Kin 10:29, 2 Kin 10:31, 2 Kin 13:2, 2 Kin 13:6, 2 Kin 13:11, 2 Kin 15:9, 2 Kin 15:18, 2 Kin 15:24, 2 Kin 15:28, 2 Kin 17:21-22 (3), 2 Kin 23:15, 2 Chr 9:29, 2 Chr 10:2-3 (3), 2 Chr 10:12, 2 Chr 10:15, 2 Chr 11:4, 2 Chr 12:14-15 (2), 2 Chr 13:1-4 (4), 2 Chr 13:6, 2 Chr 13:8, 2 Chr 13:13, 2 Chr 13:15, 2 Chr 13:19-20 (2)

      jeroboam’s (2)

      1 Kin 14:4, 1 Kin 14:17

      The account of Jeroboam's life, like that of all his successors, ends with the formula "And the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, how he warred, and how he reigned, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel" (1 Kings 14, 19).

      "The Chronicles of the Kings of Israel", likely compiled by or derived from these kings' own scribes, is likely the source for the basic facts of Jeroboam's life and reign, though the compiler(s) of the extant Book of Kings clearly made selective use of it and added hostile commentaries. His family was eventually wiped out.

      The prophecies of doom concerning the fall of both the House of Jeroboam and the northern kingdom as a whole ("For the Lord shall smite Israel..., and he shall root up Israel out of this good land, which he gave to their fathers, and shall scatter them beyond the river", 1 Kings 14:15) might have been composed retroactively, after the events described had already come to pass. Alternately, the prophecy could have been a logical deduction. Judah had just been conquered and turned into a vassal of Egypt, while Israel stood between the Egyptian and Mesopotamian empires.

      It is likely that the story of the golden calf in the wilderness (cf. 1 Kings 12:28 with Exodus 32:4) was composed as a polemic against Jeroboam’s cultic restoration by claiming that its origins were inconsistent with worship of YHWH.[22]
    Person ID I2570  z-Bible Genealogy
    Last Modified 18 Jun 2012 

    Father NEBAT,   b. 1000 BC,   d. 930 BC 
    Mother ZERUAH,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F1322  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Children 
     1. ABIJAH,   b. 980 BC,   d. 956 BC
     2. 2nd King of Israel NADAB,   b. 979 BC,   d. 952 BC
    Last Modified 29 Jul 2019 
    Family ID F1323  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Jeroboam sets up two golden calves
    Jeroboam sets up two golden calves

    From the Bible Historiale. Den Haag

    Sacrifice of Jeroboam
    Sacrifice of Jeroboam

    Jeroboam sacrificing to his idol, oil on canvas by Claes Corneliszoon Moeyaert, 1641
    Ahijah's prophecy to Jeroboam
    Ahijah's prophecy to Jeroboam

    Gerard Hoet, Ahijah's prophecy to Jeroboam, 1728.
    Northern & Southern Kingdoms
    Northern & Southern Kingdoms

    The United Kingdom of Solomon breaks up, with Jeroboam ruling over the Northern Kingdom of Israel (in green on the map).