PETER

PETER[1]

Male 1 - 68  (63 years)

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  • Name PETER  
    Born Bethsaida, Gaulanitis, Syria, Roman Empire Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Name Cephas  [1
    Name Shimon  [1
    Name Simeon  [1
    Name Simon  [1
    _UID 40BA8B8F17C0094E9C05239D7A7F3B916881 
    Died Between 64 and 68  Clementine Chapel, Vatican Hill, Rome, Italia, Roman Empire Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • (Origen (184–253) in his Commentary on the Book of Genesis III, quoted by Eusebius of Caesaria in his Ecclesiastical History (III, 1), said: "Peter was crucified at Rome with his head downwards, as he himself had desired to suffer.)
    Buried Between 64 and 68  Rome, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Address:
    St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City 
    Notes 
    • Personal name meaning, Rock. Four names are used in the New Testament to refer to Peter: the Hebrew name Simeon (Acts 15:14); the Greek equivalent Simon (nearly fifty times in the Gospels and Acts); Cephas, most frequently used by Paul (1 Cor 1:12; 3:22; 9:5; 15:5; Gal 1:18; 2:9, 11, 14) and occurring only once outside his writings (John 1:42). Cephas and Peter both mean rock. Simon is often found in combination with Peter, reminding the reader that Simon was the earlier name and that Peter was a name given later by Jesus. The name Peter dominates the New Testament usage.

      The Gospels preserve a surprising amount of information about Peter and his family. Simon is the son of Jona or John (Matt 16:17; John 1:42). He and his brother, Andrew, came from Bethsaida (John 1:44) and were Galilean fishermen (Mark 1:16; Luke 5:2-3; John 21:3), in partnership with the sons of Zebedee, James and John (Luke 5:10). Peter was married (Mark 1:29-31; 1 Cor 9:5) and maintained a residence in Capernaum (Mark 1:21, 29). Before becoming disciples of Jesus, Peter and Andrew had been influenced by the teaching of John the Baptist (John 1:35-42).

      Peter is credited with being a leader of the twelve disciples whom Jesus called. His name always occurs first in the lists of disciples (Mark 3:16; Luke 6:14; Matt. 10:2). He frequently served as the spokesman for the disciples (Mark 8:29) and was usually the one who raised the questions which they all seemed to be asking (Mark 10:28; 11:21; Matt 15:15; 18:21; Luke 12:41). Jesus often singled out Peter for teachings intended for the entire group of disciples (Mark 8:29-33). As a member of the inner circle, Peter was present with Jesus at the raising of the synagogue ruler’s daughter (Mark 5:35-41), at the Transfiguration (Mark 9:2-8), and at the arrest of Jesus in Gethsemene (Mark 14:43-50). As representative disciple, Peter frequently typified the disciple of little faith. His inconsistent behavior (Matt. 14:27-31) reached a climax with his infamous denial scene (Mark 14:66-72). Peter was, however, rehabilitated in the scene where the resurrected Jesus restored Peter to his position of prominence (John 21:15-19; Mark 16:7).

      Despite Peter’s role among the disciples and the promise of his leadership in the early church (Matt 16:17-19), Peter did not emerge as the leader of either form of primitive Christianity. Though he played an influential role in establishing the Jerusalem church , James, the brother of Jesus, assumed the leadership role of the Jewish community. Though Peter was active in the incipient stages of the Gentile mission (Acts 10-11), Paul became the apostle to the gentiles.

      Peter probably sacrificed his chances to be the leader of either one of these groups because of his commitment to serve as a bridge in the early church, doing more than any other to hold together the diverse strands of primitive Christianity.

      Tradition holds that Peter died as a martyr in Rome in the 60s (1 Clem 5:1-6:1). His legacy, however, lived on long after his death. Both 1 and 2 Peter in the New Testament are traditionally attributed to the apostle Peter. Significant also was the presence of a group of devotees of Peter who produced several writings in the name of the apostle the Acts of Peter, the Gospel of Peter. To a great extent, subsequent generations of the church rely on the confession, witness, and ministry of Peter, the devoted, but fallible follower of Christ.

      cephas (6)

      John 1:42, 1 Cor 1:12, 1 Cor 3:22, 1 Cor 15:5 (2), Gal 2:9

      bar-jona (1)

      Matt 16:17

      peter (157)

      Matt 4:18, Matt 10:2, Matt 14:28-29 (2), Matt 16:15-16 (2), Matt 16:18, Matt 16:22-23 (2), Matt 17:1, Matt 17:4, Matt 17:24, Matt 17:26, Matt 18:21, Matt 19:27, Matt 26:33, Matt 26:35, Matt 26:37, Matt 26:40, Matt 26:58, Matt 26:69, Matt 26:73, Matt 26:75, Mark 3:16, Mark 5:37, Mark 8:29, Mark 8:32-33 (2), Mark 9:2, Mark 9:5, Mark 10:28, Mark 11:21, Mark 13:3, Mark 14:29, Mark 14:33, Mark 14:37, Mark 14:54, Mark 14:66-67 (2), Mark 14:70, Mark 14:72, Luke 5:7-8 (2), Luke 6:14, Luke 8:45, Luke 8:51, Luke 9:20, Luke 9:28, Luke 9:32-33 (2), Luke 12:41, Luke 18:28, Luke 22:8, Luke 22:34, Luke 22:54-55 (2), Luke 22:58, Luke 22:60-62 (4), Luke 24:12, John 1:44, John 6:68, John 13:6, John 13:8-9 (2), John 13:24, John 13:36-37 (2), John 18:10-11 (2), John 18:15-18 (5), John 18:25-27 (3), John 20:2-4 (3), John 20:6, John 21:2-3 (2), John 21:7 (2), John 21:11, John 21:15, John 21:17, John 21:20-21 (2), Acts 1:13, Acts 1:15, Acts 2:14, Acts 2:37-38 (2), Acts 3:1, Acts 3:3-4 (2), Acts 3:6, Acts 3:11-12 (2), Acts 4:8, Acts 4:13, Acts 4:19, Acts 5:3, Acts 5:8-9 (2), Acts 5:15, Acts 5:29, Acts 8:14, Acts 8:20, Acts 9:32, Acts 9:34, Acts 9:38-40 (4)Acts 11:2, Acts 11:4, Acts 11:7, Acts 11:13, Acts 12:3, Acts 12:5-7 (3), Acts 12:11, Acts 12:13-14 (2), Acts 12:16, Acts 12:18, Acts 15:7, Gal 1:18, Gal 2:7-8 (2), Gal 2:11, Gal 2:14, 1 Pet 1:1, 2 Pet 1:1

      peter’s (4)

      Matt 8:14, John 1:40, John 6:8, Acts 12:14

      stone (1)

      John 1:42

      simon (52)

      Matt 4:18, Matt 10:2, Matt 16:16-17 (2), Matt 17:25, Mark 1:16, Mark 1:29, Mark 1:36, Mark 3:16, Mark 14:37, Luke 5:4-5 (2), Luke 5:8, Luke 5:10 (2), Luke 6:14-15 (2), Luke 7:40, Luke 7:43-44 (2), Luke 22:31 (2), Luke 24:34, John 1:40-42 (3), John 6:8, John 6:68, John 13:6, John 13:9, John 13:24, John 13:36, John 18:10, John 18:15, John 18:25, John 20:2, John 20:6, John 21:2-3 (2), John 21:7, John 21:11, John 21:15-17 (4), Acts 10:5-6 (2), Acts 10:18, Acts 10:32 (2), Acts 11:13, 2 Pet 1:1

      simon’s (4)

      Mark 1:30, Luke 4:38 (2), Acts 10:17

      simeon (1)

      Acts 15:14

      Peter, Simeon, Simon (/?sa?m?n/, About this soundpronunciation (help·info)), Sham'un al-Safa, Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and the first leader of the early Church.

      According to Christian tradition, Peter was crucified in Rome under Emperor Nero. He is traditionally counted as the first Bishop of Rome?—?or pope?—?and also by Eastern Christian tradition as the first Patriarch of Antioch. The ancient Christian churches all venerate Peter as a major saint and as the founder of the Church of Antioch and the Roman Church,[2] but differ in their attitudes regarding the authority of his present-day successors (the primacy of the Bishop of Rome). According to Catholic teaching, in Matthew 16:18 Jesus promised Peter a special position in the Church.

      Two general epistles in the New Testament are ascribed to Peter, but modern scholars generally reject the Petrine authorship of both.[3] The Gospel of Mark was traditionally thought to show the influence of Peter's preaching and eyewitness memories. Several other books bearing his name?—?the Acts of Peter, Gospel of Peter, Preaching of Peter, Apocalypse of Peter, and Judgment of Peter?—?are considered by Christian denominations as apocryphal, and are thus not included in their Bible canons.
    Person ID I3233  z-Bible Genealogy
    Last Modified 28 Jul 2019 

    Father APOSTLES,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F1400  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Father JOHN,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F1590  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    The Crucifixion of Saint Peter
    The Crucifixion of Saint Peter

    (1601) by Caravaggio
    Peter
    Peter

    Marco Zoppo (1433–1478) Blue penci
    Samuel H. Kress collection
    National Museum of Art
    Washington, D.C.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1] Wikipedia, Saint Peter.

    2. [S1] Wikipedia, Apostles.